Directions on Planting Seeds and Plant Parts
Display the variety of seeds, including a peach/plum seed.

Elicit if they know what they are called? (seeds)
Discuss the peach/plum seeds appearance. Provide the children with hand magnifying lenses if available. Guide children to observe, compare, and describe the colours, sizes, shapes, and feel (hard, soft, smooth, rough, etc.) of the seeds.
Query what happens to seeds when you plant them? (Allow children to share any prior knowledge they may have about seeds.)
Elicit that apple trees grow from apple seeds etc.
Display some fruit – apples, oranges, etc and let the children locate the seeds.
Show some tree seeds – chestnut/acorn/ash etc.
Ask the children what they think the seeds need to grow. (This topic is available as an experiment – What do Plants require to Grow in the Primary Section - Environmental Studies – Plants & Seeds.)
Elicit – sun, water, soil, warmth and air.

Inform the children that today we are planting seeds.

Plant Parts
Show another plant that is a few cm high and point to the roots, leaves, and stems of the plant.

Point to the roots.
Elicit if anyone knows the correct term. Inform the children that roots help to hold plants in place. They also take in water, nutrients and minerals from the soil. As soon as a seed begins to sprout, its roots begin to grow. Children will have noted this when they planted seeds. Show children a carrot. Inform them that the carrot is the root of that particular plant.

Point to the stems.
Elicit if anyone knows the correct term. Inform the children that water and food move through the plant stems. Stems also help the plant stay upright. Show a picture of a tree or observe one in the school ground. Elicit the difference between a flower stem and that of a tree e.g. hard V soft

Point to the leaves.
Elicit if anyone knows the correct term. Inform the children that plants make food in the leaves. The plant's leaves take in/absorb sunlight and air. The plant soaks up water and minerals through its roots. The plant needs air, light, water, and minerals to make its own food. Explain that the food the plant makes is sugar
Show children the leaves of other plants/trees. Elicit the differences in shapes/ smoothness.

Point to the Flowers
Elicit if anyone knows the correct term. Inform the children that flowers are colourful and usually smell nicely. Show the class the number of petal and count them. Explain that different flowers have different numbers of petals. Inform the class that once a flower withers it produces seeds that grow into new plants of the same kind.
Display the flower seeds. Allow the children to observe and describe them.


Get another white flower - try placing one side of the stem in clear water and the other side of the stem in coloured water. After a few hours you will have a multicoloured flower.
Fill in the parts of the flower below