Commence with general questions
can you name any trees?
Parts of the Tree
Elicit if the class recognise
the parts of the tree.
Head or crown made
up of the branches that in turn are made up of smaller branches, twigs
Trunk - body or
stem of the tree.
- The trunk acts like the stem of the tree but it is hard and covered
with bark. It helps the tree to stand and carries water and minerals from
root to leaf and back again to the various growing parts. It also holds
up the branches.
is a trees dead skin. It is tough and hard and protects the inside of
these grow down into the ground and extend in every direction
to absorb water and minerals from soil and send them to other parts of
the tree. Roots also hold the tree in place.
Leaves - Each leaf produces
food for the tree. Each autumn the tree loses the leaves but new ones grow
again in the spring.
Elicit what are the benefits
Deciduous Trees and Evergreen
Ask what season do leaves
fall to the ground.
Explain to the children
that trees whose leaves fall to the ground have a special name. They are
Deciduous. These trees grow new leaves again in spring.
Show examples of leaves from these trees - oak, horse chestnut, sycamore,
ash, apple trees etc.
Query if they have seen
trees that stay green all winter. Tell the pupils that these are called
Evergreen.. Show examples of leaves from these trees - pine, fir, spruce,
What are the benefits of trees?
Ask the children if they can
name the benefits of trees
Trees offer an almost endless
list of environmental and economic benefits, some of which are crucial
to our survival.
A tree produces oxygen
while using up carbon dioxide. We need oxygen to breathe a requirement
for life. A tree's foliage filters out dust and pollution.
A tree's roots help to anchor the soil, thus preventing valuable soil
from being blown away by the wind or washed away by the rain. A tree's
falling leaves and needles decompose. This decomposing material provides
rich nutrients for the soil.
A tree adds to the beauty
and charm of the landscape and can therefore increase the property's value.
Trees can enrichen a drab area and help screen ugly areas i.e. dumps, etc.
They also provide shelter during the winter.
In urban areas, trees help
children to see and appreciate nature. It enables all of us to have some
contact with nature.
A tree helps maintain the
balance of nature providing habitats for wildlife and plants. It provides
a home for many creatures and plants i.e. birds, insects, squirrel,
Trees require care when
planting and need attention in their first few years. Bare rooted trees
should be planted when they are dormant from November to March.
Lay leaf upside down and
cover with a piece of white paper. Rub a crayon gently over the paper until
leaf image emerges.
The bark of each tree is
different just as our fingerprints are different. Tie paper around the
trunk of a tree and have students make rubbings. Rub a crayon gently over
the paper until bark feature emerges.
Make pictures from leaves
that have been pressed i.e. hedgehog, owl, etc.
Children should be allowed
to observe trees and think about the following questions.
Leaves usually have a yellow
pigment (sometimes red or orange) which is covered up by the green chlorophyll.
When the chlorophyll drains away in the autumn the pigment shows. Locate
several large green leaves that are still attached to a tree, tape an x
with masking tape. The leaf doesn't receive sunlight where the x is marked
so chlorophyll will not be manufactured. After a few days the yellow pigment
will show under the tape.
Name the tree.
Can you see the tree roots?
How far down do you think they
go and how far out at sides?
Why are roots important?
What is bark?
What is the color of the bark?
Can you name 2 creatures that
live in trees?
Describe the leaves.
Name the Trees
The Names of 8 familiar trees
have been split up.
Can you put the correct bits
together and find the names of the trees.
Friends the Tree - http://www.mic.ul.ie/eurolesson/english/trees1a.htm
The above web site is well
worth a visit if you intend to go outdoors. It contains excellent worksheets
which you can print out entitled -
1.a Beginning at the
How Tall is your Tree?
Living in The Tree
Under The Tree
Tree Encounters of the
observe same tree through each
study the world of the tree
(animals and insects that live in it, beneath it and near it)
forests of the world
seeds (wind carried, pollinated)