Composting turns organic
wastes into a valuable product by natural methods. Composting is nature's
way of recycling. It reduces the amount of waste we have to dispose
of. Composting is a very simple method of recycling. Tiny organisms called
bacteria act as plant decomposers. Earthworms also aid composting by allowing
a greater circulation of air. Composted material improves gardens, as it
is rich in nutrients.
Whether you compost household/school/garden
wastes, there are a few simple instructions to follow. Here are the
necessary ingredients and general directions for composting.
Kitchen Compost: Add a mixture of some or all of the following
Not add meat scraps, bones, dairy products, oil or fat.
They may attract flies and they will stink.
Vegetable peels and seeds
Fruit peelings and cores
Tea leaves/coffee grounds
Paper and Cardboard
Any other vegetable or fruit
or Garden Compost - Add a mixture of some or all of the following ingredients.
Hay or straw
Paper and cardboard
Weeds or other garden waste
Aged Manure - Cow, sheep,
pig, rabbit or horse
1. You can buy a
compost bin or alternatively make one.
2. Choose a container
for making your compost. Any type of composting bin will do - timber
- plastic drum etc. However you will require a lid and need holes in the
3. Place kitchen
or yard waste into the composting bin. Chop or shred the organic materials
if you want them to compost quickly.
4. Place twigs /sticks
at the bottom to allow for air-circulation
5. Place different
waste materials into the bin in layers to a depth of 15-20cm.
6. Add manure to
each layer to speed up the composting process.
7. Spread soil over
the compost pile. This layer contains the micro-organisms - bacteria
that do the work of making the compost. It also helps keep the surface
8. Adjust the moisture
in your compost pile. Add dry straw or sawdust to soggy materials,
or add water to a pile that is too dry. The materials should be damp
to the touch.
9. Stir your compost
with a shovel if you want to speed up the decomposition process. Composting
occurs quicker during the summer as the temperature is higher.
10. The compost heap will
gradually settle down from the original height. This is a good sign
that it is decomposing properly.
11. Your compost should
look like dark crumbly soil mixed with small pieces of organic material.
12. Use your compost by
mixing it with the soil or adding it to your window boxes.