Composting Activity

Composting turns organic wastes into a valuable product by natural methods. Composting is nature's way of recycling.  It reduces the amount of waste we have to dispose of. Composting is a very simple method of recycling. Tiny organisms called bacteria act as plant decomposers. Earthworms also aid composting by allowing a greater circulation of air. Composted material improves gardens, as it is rich in nutrients.

Whether you compost household/school/garden wastes, there are a few simple instructions to follow.  Here are the necessary ingredients and general directions for composting.

Materials:
    Kitchen Compost:  Add a mixture of some or all of the following ingredients.

    Note: Do Not  add meat scraps, bones, dairy products, oil or fat.  They may attract flies and they will stink.

    Yard or Garden Compost - Add a mixture of some or all of the following ingredients.

Procedure:
1.  You can buy a compost bin or alternatively make one.
2.  Choose a container for making your compost.  Any type of composting bin will do - timber - plastic drum etc. However you will require a lid and need holes in the side.
3.  Place kitchen or yard waste into the composting bin. Chop or shred the organic materials if you want them to compost quickly.
4.  Place twigs /sticks at the bottom to allow for air-circulation
5.  Place different waste materials into the bin in layers to a depth of 15-20cm.
6.  Add manure to each layer to speed up the composting process.
7.  Spread soil over the compost pile.  This layer contains the micro-organisms - bacteria that do the work of making the compost.  It also helps keep the surface moist.
8.  Adjust the moisture in your compost pile.  Add dry straw or sawdust to soggy materials, or add water to a pile that is too dry.  The materials should be damp to the touch.
9.  Stir your compost with a shovel if you want to speed up the decomposition process. Composting occurs quicker during the summer as the temperature is higher.
10. The compost heap will gradually settle down from the original height.  This is a good sign that it is decomposing properly.
11. Your compost should look like dark crumbly soil mixed with small pieces of organic material. .
12. Use your compost by mixing it with the soil or adding it to your window boxes.