Manu Rainforest - Flora and Fauna

Answers
1. Name some products we use that are made from the seeds of the cacao tree?

    (a) cocoa

    (b) chocolate

2. What products are made from the seeds or nuts of the Brazil Nut Tree?
    (a) cooking oil

    (b) soap

3. How tall do the Brazil Nut tree and Cacao tree grow?
    (a) Brazil Nut tree - 46 metres

    (b) Cacao Tree - 7.7 metres

4. Name a tree that kills other trees by strangling them?  Strangler Fig Tree

5. What is a cocha? A cocha is an oxbow-shaped lake formed when parts of a river are cut off and isolated from the main river.

6. Can you name five rainforest birds?
(a) Harpy Eagle
(b) Yellow Tufted Woodpecker
(c) Macaw
(d) Black Skimmer
(e) Hoatzin

7. Can you name the animals using these facts as clues?
Collared Peccary pig like animal found in parts of the United States and also in South America
Brazilian Tapir herbivore related to the horse and rhinoceros
Giant Anteater toothless, feeds on ants
Jaguar predator is the Anaconda Snake
Giant Otter eats fish prey including the bones
Howler Monkey famous for his roar
Brown Agouti moves with a jumping motion
Capybara largest rodent in the world

Manu Rainforest - A Day in the Life of the People
Answers

1. The work activities of the Manu people on a typical day depend on the season of the year, the weather, the necessities of the family and their own particular whims.

2. The rainy season lasts from November to May

3. During the rainy season men make arrows for hunting
    women sit in the shelter of their houses spinning and weaving cotton to makecotton tunics
    and children play with a pet bird or help to fix a leaking roof

4. When the weather clears up for a few days men go on a hunting trip walking up to 15 miles a day in pursuit of game animals such as tapir, agouti, peccary and      monkeys.

5. The women and children go on a shorter trek collecting wild fruits, palm hearts and beetle larva

6. The dry season lasts from May to September

7. Monkeys and other game animals are not hunted during the dry season because they are not fat.

8. The staple crops of the Machiguenga are manioc, bananas and corn

9. Men do the felling of trees, burning and planting of the gardens.

10. Women harvest the manioc and other crops and cook the food.

11. Men, women and children help with catching fish and search for buried turtle eggs.

12. Bows and arrows are used to spear fish.

13. When the water is particularly low, families put in the barbasco root to stun the fish, making it easier to collect them.

14. Rotenone, an important biodegradable pesticide is got from the barbasco.

15. Cuchmas are the name of the native cotton tunics

16. These eight important modern drugs have come from traditional herbal medicines aspirin, quinine, curare, reserpine, morphine, atropine, taxol and vinblastine.