This is an
illustration of a castle and bawn built by a Servitor called Captain Dodington.
It was built in Dungiven.
(a) What is marked
(b) When might it
be necessary for the planters to go there?
(c) B is called
a flanking tower. Look carefully at its shape and the openings in the wall.
Can you guess what it would be used for?
(d) The outhouses
are marked C. As they are beside the flanking tower, what would be stored
(e) D was part of
an old Irish castle. It was four storeys high. It is now slated the same
as the new house. Why would the height of the castle be useful if the castle
(f) E is the
new house, 'built in the English manner'. It is 43 ft long and 18 ft wide.
Compare this to the size of your classroom. Is it a lot bigger? How many
storeys has it? How many windows does it have?
(g) Can you find
the outline of the gardens which were planned?
Answer the following questions
in a copy, which you keep especially for revision.
1. Name the three
groups of people who got land in the Ulster Plantation.
2. Write a sentence
about each of these terms: Plantation, Servitor, Undertaker,
3. Why were all undertakers
required to build a bawn?
Examine the Evidence
King James 1 speaking
'How much it would advance
the welfare of my Kingdom of Ireland, if the said land were all planted
with colonies of civil men and well affected in religion'.
1. What were 'planters'?
2. What does 'civil
3. What did he mean
by 'well affected in religion'?
The Ulster Plantation
'The worst sort of
Undertakers have done much hurt to the country and discouraged many from
the voyage; for they have enticed many honest men over, promising them
much but performing (carrying out) nothing, no, not so much as their servants
and workmen wages. They demand for rent 12d the acre
they find such profit
from the Irish tenants that they care not if they never place any Englishmen
there. But the better sort of Undertakers do seek by all means possible
to plant their lands with Englishmen according to her Majesty's grant:
they offer to any man 400 acres for 6d the acre'. .
From a Report written by Robert
Payne in 1590 about Undertakers
1. How have some
of the Undertakers 'done much hurt' to the Plantation?
2. Why do these Undertakers
not care if they have any English tenants?
3. What do they charge
the Irish tenants per acre?
4. What effect does
that have on encouraging English tenants?
5. In contrast, how
do the ''better sort of Undertakers' try to follow 'her Majesty grant'?
The Munster Plantation
'And to speak the truth
the Munster Undertakers were in great part cause of their own fatal miseries.
For whereas they should have built castles and brought over colonies of
English and have admitted no Irish tenant, but only English, these and
like covenants (agreements) were in no part performed (carried out) by
them. The men of best quality (wealthy) never came over but made profit
of the land. Others brought no more English than their own families and
all entertained (kept) Irish servants and tenants that were now the first
to betray them'.
From a Report written by Fynes
1. Who does Moryson
blame for much of the failure of the Munster Plantation?
2. List the three
things, according to Moryson, the Munster Undertakers should have done
to make a success of the Plantation.
3. What does he say
about the 'men .of quality'?
4. What, according
to him, was the result of the Undertakers keeping Irish servants and
Examining the evidence
from all these Reports:
1. What were the
hopes of those who organised the policy of Plantations?
2. What would you
say was the most dangerous mistake the Planters made from their own point
3. Why did they take
People in History
Check your textbook for
information on those who came to Ireland at the time of the Plantations.
Using that and the extracts above, write an account of the life of an Undertaker.
Use the following questions as hints when writing your account.
What rent did he have to pay
for 1000 acres?
What did he have to build?
Which type of house did he
What sorts of people did he
bring to his village?
What other duties did he have
Did he keep all his promises
he made to the king? Describe the one he probably broke?
What dangers did he and his