This is an illustration of a castle and bawn built by a Servitor called Captain Dodington. It was built in Dungiven.

(a)  What is marked A?
(b)  When might it be necessary for the planters to go there?
(c)   B is called a flanking tower. Look carefully at its shape and the openings in the wall. Can you guess what it would be used for?
(d)  The outhouses are marked C. As they are beside the flanking tower, what would be stored there?
(e)  D was part of an old Irish castle. It was four storeys high. It is now slated the same as the new house. Why would the height of the castle be useful if the castle was attacked?
(fE is the new house, 'built in the English manner'. It is 43 ft long and 18 ft wide. Compare this to the size of your classroom. Is it a lot bigger? How many storeys has it? How many windows does it have?
(g)  Can you find the outline of the gardens which were planned?

Answer the following questions in a copy, which you keep especially for revision.
1.  Name the three groups of people who got land in the Ulster Plantation.
2.  Write a sentence about each of these terms:  Plantation, Servitor,  Undertaker,  Bawn.
3.  Why were all undertakers required to build a bawn?

Examine the Evidence
Primary sources
King James 1 speaking of Ulster

1.  What were 'planters'?
2.  What does 'civil men' mean?
3.  What did he mean by 'well affected in religion'?

The Ulster Plantation

'The worst sort of Undertakers have done much hurt to the country and discouraged many from the voyage; for they have enticed many honest men over, promising them much but performing (carrying out) nothing, no, not so much as their servants and workmen wages. They demand for rent 12d the acre … they find such profit from the Irish tenants that they care not if they never place any Englishmen there. But the better sort of Undertakers do seek by all means possible to plant their lands with Englishmen according to her Majesty's grant: they offer to any man 400 acres for 6d the acre'. . From a Report written by Robert Payne in 1590 about Undertakers
1.  How have some of the Undertakers 'done much hurt' to the Plantation?
2.  Why do these Undertakers not care if they have any English tenants?
3.  What do they charge the Irish tenants per acre?
4.  What effect does that have on encouraging English tenants?
5.  In contrast, how do the ''better sort of Undertakers' try to follow 'her Majesty grant'?

The Munster Plantation

'And to speak the truth the Munster Undertakers were in great part cause of their own fatal miseries. For whereas they should have built castles and brought over colonies of English and have admitted no Irish tenant, but only English, these and like covenants (agreements) were in no part performed (carried out) by them. The men of best quality (wealthy) never came over but made profit of the land. Others brought no more English than their own families and all entertained (kept) Irish servants and tenants that were now the first to betray them'. From a Report written by Fynes Moryson 1617
1.  Who does Moryson blame for much of the failure of the Munster Plantation?
2.  List the three things, according to Moryson, the Munster Undertakers should have done to make a success of the Plantation.
3.  What does he say about the 'men .of quality'?
4.  What, according to him, was the result of the Undertakers keeping Irish servants and tenants'?

Documents Question

Examining the evidence from all these Reports:
1.  What were the hopes of those who organised the policy of Plantations?
2.  What would you say was the most dangerous mistake the Planters made from their own point of view?
3.  Why did they take Irish tenants?

People in History
Check your textbook for information on those who came to Ireland at the time of the Plantations. Using that and the extracts above, write an account of the life of an Undertaker. Use the following questions as hints when writing your account.